Zero Sum

1 – 1 = 0, 2 – 2 = 0, 3 – 3 = 0 and so on. That’s exactly what 0 sum is. In poker and some other forms of gambling, there is a “pot” of money, and the more I win, the less there is for the other players, but outside of gambling, “zero-sum” has little utility. “Zero-sum” thinking is a perversion of the “golden rule”, turning “do unto others as you would have them do unto you” into “do unto others BEFORE they do unto you.” Unfortunately, “zero-sum” thinking still permeates and drives the mindset of the envious. While various labels are applied to the envious–liberal, leftist, progressive, radical–at their core, envy is both the limitation and the source of passion of their philosophies. Envy is zero sum thinking! Why? Because envy is both additive–I want what they have–and subtractive–I hate that they have it. Envy isn’t happy until it takes away what others have. The envious believe that life is “zero-sum”. More for you means less for me, there is only so much that can be shared. Is that true, or is the REAL SCARCITY good ideas? Why do some people cling to zero-sum thinking? There are emotional payoffs for a certain kind of person. Emotions which birth Zero-sum thinking include:

  • total scarcity — if you gain (wealth, status), I lose
  • Schadenfreude — your misfortune brings me gladness;
  • envy — your success diminishes me;
  • triumphalism — I’m bigger because you are smaller; and
  • resentment — as long as you have more success than me, I despise you, if necessary in secret.

Why do I say emotions are the cause and the thinking or paradigm the effect? Because emotion tends to spring up spontaneously, triggered by who knows what, THEN human beings create the rationalizations to justify or explain the emotions and feelings. Emotion preceeds thinking!

Wanting more than you have is not necessarily evil. In fact, it may be a source of creative striving, and the midwife of world-changing ideas. In 1958, Jack St. Claire Kilby, from Great Bend Kansas, started work at Texas Instruments (T.I.) as an electrical engineer. Most everyone had left on a mandated summer break, but Mr Kilby stayed in the lab and worked on combining a transistor, a capacitor and three resistors on a single piece of germanium, and on September 12th, 1958, the integrated circuit was born. Despite the ugly wires hanging off of it, it was a start.

In January of 1959, Bob Noyce was keeping busy at Fairchild semiconductor in Palo Alto, California. He deployed a photographic printing technique–the planar process–which uses glass as insulation, to deposit aluminum wires above silicon transistors. Without the messy wires hanging off, this new version of the integrated circuit, the chip, became manufacturable. In March of 1960, T.I. introduced the “Type 502 Flip Flop”–one bit of memory for $450. Fast forward to 2018. Your iPhone probably has a trillion bits of memory. Cost per bit? Too small to mention. Think about zero sum in this context. From a couple of wires and a few cheap components came an invention which changed the world, because someone had an idea and decided to play with it.

Do we live in a world of scarcity? What REALLY limits how human beings live is their own ideas, and the political and economic systems that grow out of those ideas.

 

Borders, Fences and Neighbors.

I live in eastern Washington State just 30 miles from the border of Idaho and about 160 miles from the Oregon border. When I cross the border from Washington to Idaho, if there weren’t a sign telling me I was doing that, I wouldn’t even know it. At least when I cross from Washington to Oregon I have to pass over a substantial barrier, the Columbia River. Every time I cross any border from state to state in the United States, I give thanks that there are no checkpoints or passports to deal with. As I look out my kitchen window I also see the fences between my yard each neighbor’s yard, and in every direction I look there are fences separating the backyards of every home, but practically none in the front. We’ve all heard the phrase, “good fences make good neighbors” and psychologically, it’s really true. Because none of these fences is much of a physical barrier, so why are they even there? You can answer this question for yourself in a simple thought experiment: Imagine your home property without a fence between it and neighbors on each side. Don’t you feel a little bit proprietary about yours?

Our fences are generally not walls, and our homes are not literally castles, yet a very common cliche is “a man’s home is his castle.” Where did that come from? There are no actual castles in the US, only ostentatious homes that are “castle-light”, more like palaces for non-royalty. Castles are large residences or a group of large buildings that have been constructed with strong walls to protect against attacks. In other words, castles are fortified residences. A palace, in contrast, serves primarily as a residential place, occupied by royalty, heads of state, or heads of a church (such as bishops and archbishops). Unlike castles, palaces are not fortified against attacks, but rather designed for comfort and elegance. A fort is different from both castles and palaces in that it is not a residence, but rather a military fortification. These structures have been built specifically with war in mind and are used to defend specific territories.

In modern Europe, castles, palaces, forts and walled towns are mainly tourist attractions. But in the days before Europe had national borders, castles and walled towns were necessary defend the very lives of those who lived in the nearby territory. Medieval Europe knew nothing of borders in the modern sense of the term, every ruler added to his dominions to the extent he was able. The ruinous efforts to conquer France by five generations of English kings during the Hundred Years War (1337 to 1453) offer a good example of what a world without strong national borders looks like. Borders between nation-states are NOT equal by any means.

Let us consider the concepts of cohesion versus coercion. The United States are is a great example of national cohesion. The Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Syria and Iraq are or were examples national coercion. The problem with states held together by coercion is that once the oppression of the state is lifted the result is not freedom, but dissolution and war. What is actually the difference between countries based on cohesion and those based on coercion? It isn’t diversity of ethnicity, religion, native language, national origin or any other manifestation of the variety of the human experience. The United States probably contains every possible variation of those characteristics. In fact, Washington and Idaho themselves probably contain just about every variation. Yet I can drive from Washington to Idaho and not even know I’m in a different state. We take that for granted. It is a huge blessing and a historical anomaly. This reality hasn’t always been smooth. Our great civil war–the issue of slavery aside–was really a war to determine whether this would be one nation or a bunch of separately governed nations. The aftermath showed the cost of getting your own way despite the advantages of union. What ultimately makes a cohesive union rather than a coercive corral is a unifying idea.

The idea that civil government exists for the benefit of the governed never existed before our nation. The phrase “consent of the governed”, the idea that a government’s legitimacy and moral right to use state power is only justified and legal when consented to by the people or society over which that political power is exercised, was radical at the time, and now is not only accepted in Western nations (and taken for granted as the “way things should be”) but copied by non western nations as Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, India and Israel. So when we read and hear about “borders are wrong”, “abolish I.C.E.” and other such smug and ignorant rants, let’s renew our appreciation for our ability to drive across borders within this great cohesive nation by driving across the nearest state border (my apologies to those living in Hawaii. Alaska and the middle of Montana–just make a vacation out of it.)

The sword of life?

The sword is a killing instrument, especially the Japanese katana. It was designed primarily for effectiveness of killing. And in the hands of a master, there was probably no more effective sword ever made. But then again beyond the physical sword there was a spirit of the sword. The katsujinken was called the “sword that gives life”, or the weapon of justice. The setsuninto was the “sword that takes life”, or weapon of oppression. They might even be identical swords, but the spirit depends upon who is wielding it.

How children are raised can be katsujinken or setsuninto also, a legacy of life and health, or a legacy of destruction. A book published in 1900 by A. E. Winship (Jukes-Edwards: A Study in Education and Heredity) demonstrates the principle, here. legacy I recommend reading a synopsis of that study at the link. But it illustrates a contrast between a godly home and an ungodly home over many generations, and the consequences for society.

One of the worst implementations of a noble idea in the United States was called “Aid to Families With Dependent Children”, or AFDC, but better known as welfare. The program was created under the name Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) by the Social Security Act of 1935 as part of the New Deal. It was created as a means-tested entitlement which subsidized the income of families where fathers were “deceased, absent, or unable to work.” The AFDC program tended to treat households with a cohabiting male who was not the natural father of the children much more leniently (less means testing, more money) than those with a resident spouse or father of the children. This feature created a clear disincentive for marriage and also a clear incentive for divorce, because women who married face the reduction or loss of their AFDC benefits. Had we been Japanese, the program could have been called setsuninto.

Parents, you are the katsujinken or setsuninto in your child’s life, and therefore the future of your society.

In the beginning…..

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.” John 1:1-5.

Matthew Henry’s commentary: The plainest reason why the Son of God is called the Word, seems to be, that as our words explain our minds to others, so was the Son of God sent in order to reveal his Father’s mind to the world. What the evangelist says of Christ proves that he is God. He asserts, His existence in the beginning; His coexistence with the Father. The Word was with God. All things were made by him, and not as an instrument. Without him was not any thing made that was made, from the highest angel to the meanest worm. This shows how well qualified he was for the work of our redemption and salvation. The light of reason, as well as the life of sense, is derived from him, and depends upon him. This eternal Word, this true Light shines, but the darkness comprehends it not. Let us pray without ceasing, that our eyes may be opened to behold this Light, that we may walk in it; and thus be made wise unto salvation, by faith in Jesus Christ.

Charles Spurgeon’s commentary: The divine Logos, whom we know as the Christ of God. “In the beginning was the Word.” The first words of this gospel remind us of the first words of the Old Testament: “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” Even then “the Word” was; he existed before all time, even from everlasting. I know not how the Deity of Christ can be more plainly declared than in his eternal duration. He is from the beginning. In his glory he was “with God.” In his nature he “was God.” He that hung upon the cross was the Maker of all worlds. He that came as an infant, for our sake, was the Infinite. How low he stooped! How high he must have been that he could stoop so low! It never has done so; it never will. You may sometimes call the darkness, the ignorance of men, or the sin of men. If you like, you may call it the wisdom of men, and the righteousness of men, for that is only another form of the same darkness. “The light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.”

My earliest lesson in going the extra mile…. or miles.

I read recently that the Boy Scouts of America will no longer be just boys per se. Whatever the reasons for this inclusive mix of boys, girls and those who are confused about their gender, I will always be grateful for a lesson I learned at age 12. One of the final tasks set before me in my boy scout training was a hike that paralleled the Erie Canal in Pennsylvania. I don’t remember how long the hike was supposed to be. We had a map, we each had a canteen of water, we had hats, boots, and a little bit of food. And that was it. Then we got lost. There was definitely something to be desired in our map reading skills. The 4 of us argued about directions constantly, and while we were supposed to stick together, we finally separated into two pairs, going This way and That way (kind of like the “Boy” Scouts themselves).

I remember it was a hot and very dusty hike, and along the way, things just kept going wrong. We ran out of water and food too soon, and the soles of my boots detached, flapping with every step. Even more embarrassing, though not nearly as uncomfortable, the brim of my garrison cap suddenly just separated and fell off. I wanted to quit, I wanted to call for mommy, I wanted to just stop and sit and lament my lost brim.

Taking stock of my situation –flapping soles, no water or food, lost with a low probability of being found if we just sat there, not knowing how far we had to go or even that we were going the right way, we learned the virtue of the principle “keep putting one foot in front of the other.” By doing that we made it back to camp, flapping soles and missing brims and all. It helped that we could exhort one another. Without being conscious of it, the “one foot at a time” principle became a building block of my life, and in fact saved my life on more than one occasion.

One of those life saving occasions was in Florida, 1973, when I found myself swimming in Ichetucknee springs, unable to get out because of rafts of floating vegetation blocking the shore. You could only get out at one point, where the vegetation was sparse, and I had to swim for hours past the point of exhaustion. But it was either keep putting one arm in front of the other, or drown. Another time was 1979 in Yellowstone Park, during the coldest winter on record. It was 35F below zero and we had to ski 22 miles to find a backcountry cabin. Maybe 22 miles doesn’t sound like a lot, but we had 50 lb packs, had to break trail through deep new snow, had to climb down and then back up the banks of the trail where it was melted by hot springs runoff – – only in Yellowstone – – and finally reaching the cabin, had to dig through 5 feet of snow to find the door. For 8 or so hours, the mantra was “one foot in front of the other.”

Through all of these hard life lessons, I continued to remember how comical it looked when the brim of my hat fell off. Some things just stay with you. Too bad that doesn’t include the Boy Scouts of America continuing to be boys.

Is it worth it? A good deal or buyers remorse?

Yesterday, I bought a sandwich at a Subway store and really enjoyed it. Today I bought the same sandwich at a different Subway store just a mile away, and didn’t enjoy it at all. The reason I didn’t enjoy it was that the second sandwich cost me $2 more than the first, though they were the same sandwich, the only difference being where I bought it. Instead of just enjoying the taste, I felt cheated. That got me thinking about the idea of the economic value, or how much we are willing to pay for something, and what affects our enjoyment of something we spent money (a measure of our own economic value) on.

The variables I am going to introduce in this conversation are: utility, scarcity, satisfaction, convenience, sellers’ and buyers’ markets, buyer’s remorse. What determines how much you are willing to pay for something, or how much satisfaction you get out of owning or using that something, and whether or not buyer’s remorse sets in later? Another way of looking at the whole question is how are prices set. Rather than attempt to give an economics lesson, I will play with some familiar examples.

In my Subway example, the main factor that caused my disappointment was that my expectations were frustrated. Yesterday I paid a certain price, and today I expected to pay the same price for the same thing. But not only was the price $2 more, which in and of itself is a minor issue, rather that $2 represented a 40% increase in the price of the object, and I think I’m terms of percentage increase rather than flat dollar increase. If the object had cost $100 and somewhere else it was $102, I would barely have noticed that difference, but a 40% increase is like paying $140 for a $100 object. Even somebody wealthy would notice and be angry about that. Was it worth the price–to me–I paid today? It would have been if I had not expected it to be $5.01. But while I was tempted to refuse the sandwich, I paid, and then went to the other subway to make sure that I was not mistaken. (The clerk at the cheaper store told me that each owner has discretion to set their own price.) The opposite of this feeling is the satisfaction I get from remembering what I paid for a brand new Vizio 50″ 4K TV with Smartcast! It was advertised at the same price on Vizio’s and Best Buy’s website–$440. On Walmart.com, for only 1 day, it was advertised at $300, and that was what I paid, delivered to my door! The theory of Cognitive Dissonance might dictate that the more I paid for something, the more I should enjoy it, but economic reality declares “everyone loves a bargain.” Now, what if someone decided to upgrade their TV to 70″, and sells the exact 50″ model I have, on Craigslist for $150 just a week after they bought it? DON’T GO THERE.

In a capitalist system like the United States, the so-called Market–what buyers are willing to pay–sets the prices for most things. Sometimes that price is totally out of proportion for what the intrinsic value of the item is and yet if people were not willing to pay it, the price would have to be lowered, sometimes significantly. The best example I can think of is movie popcorn. When you think about the materials and even the labor that went into producing popcorn in the movies, and when you think of the price they charge you at the movies, for it it would have to be considered one of the most expensive per-capita items in the world. Why then are people willing to pay such a price? Because the scarcity of something, especially when that something is paired psychologically with the experience through smell or taste, people don’t care about the actual price as much as they care about the pleasure they’re going to get from enjoying the purchase.

The scarcity value of anything is related to both supply and demand. If the movie-going public decided to eat healthy all the time, and stopped buying popcorn, the theater owner would have to drop the price to some point which overcomes buyers’ health concerns. Lack of demand creates a “buyers’ market“–lowered prices. On the other hand, if health was not an issue, but some kind of fungus wiped out a year’s worth of popcorn, the drop in supply (with demand constant) would result in increased prices–a sellers’ market. So far, I’ve kept it simple, focusing on just the variables of supply and demand vs. price and satisfaction. It gets a lot more complicated when additional economic factors–like taxes, interest rates, availability of land and location–influence how much buyers are willing to pay.

When something is cheap enough to be bought with cash–like a TV or a sandwich– pricing is relatively simple. The opposite case is real estate. I moved from Wenatchee, WA. to Spokane, WA. in 2015, mainly because a house in Spokane cost about 60% of what an identical house in Wenatchee would cost. Why? The main reason was that Wenatchee was nestled between the Columbia River and mountains–they ran out of room to build, i.e. supply couldn’t keep up with demand. The Spokane area has vistas and huge tracts of undeveloped land. But prices also differ significantly within Spokane. Homes in the most desirable neighborhoods are far more expensive than in neighborhoods less desirable.

One of the biggest price factors in real estate is interest rates. That is because virtually no one buys a home for cash, virtually every homeowner has a mortgage and they are more concerned with what the monthly payment is then what the absolute cost of the home was. Because of the way mortgages work, which is too complicated to go into here, interest rates play a huge part in how much the monthly payments are. Income taxes and real estate taxes also play a part in the cost of a home but much less of a part that interest rates. The so-called mortgage interest tax deduction is wildly overrated. The vast majority of people can’t even claim it, though they assume they can, and the real estate industry has convinced buyers that somehow or other they’re saving money by buying a home over renting. That’s what’s known as marketing. The marketing in the real estate industry is very successful, but their success pales in comparison with the marketing of the so-called higher education industry. That’s a rant for another day.

Hey Sarah, how’d you get that white first name???

Her name is Sarah Jeong and she was born in South Korea. Last Wednesday The New York Times announced that it had hired the 30-year-old as their lead technology writer, praising her “verve and erudition”. The New York Times claimed it had been aware of Jeong’s tweets when it hired her and although they do not officially “condone” her statements, they must be understood in the context of her being a “young Asian woman” who faces constant racial harassment online and who was only imitating the racial abuse of she receives (she does??). After all, Jeong says her comments were “intended as satire” and all you butthurt white males really need to grow up and learn how to take a joke. Here is a sample of her pre-employment tweets (and my counter opinions), allowing her to demonstrate something, er., “verve and erudition”, if such words have been redefined in that “euphemism factory” somewhere, like the words gay, marriage, etc.

“Dumbass fucking white people marking up the internet with their opinions like dogs pissing on fire hydrants (at least we don’t eat dogs like some Koreans); oh man it’s kind of sick how much joy I get from being cruel to old white men (when they aren’t harassing you?); Are white people genetically predisposed to burn faster in the sun, thus logically being only fit to live underground like groveling goblins (you are even whiter, probably need am umbrella outside, so this applies even more to you); basically i’m just imagining waking up white every morning with a terrible existential dread that i have no culture (it’s called “western culture” Sarah, and white belief in it is the only reason you didn’t wake up in a communist paradise like your cousins in the North); I dare you to get on Wikipedia and play “Things white people can definitely take credit for,” it’s really hard (says more about your research skills, or were Steve Jobs and Bill Gates really Koreans passing for white?); #CancelWhitePeople (is this called erudition….or verve?); White people have stopped breeding. You’ll all go extinct soon. This was my plan all along. (Then you won’t have your NYT job for long).
To show just how much prejudice white Americans have against her, Asian Americans live eight years longer than white Americans and have a mean household income a cool $20K higher than that of white Americans. Being Sarah Jeong means graduating from Harvard and getting an editorial position at The New York Times and coming from a fiercely nationalistic and ethnically homogenous homeland to which you are free to return at any time, American dollars in hand. Perhaps Sarah is really a white, Jewish woman trying to pass for Asian? “And God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her. I will bless her, and she shall become nations.” (Genesis 17:15). Was the Sarah of the Bible white? Probably, but the Bible rarely mentions ethnicity, considering melanin content insignificant compared to faith, honor, righteousness and “stuff” like that. Sarah is a Hebrew name, most commonly given by parents who tend to be relatively devout Christians and Jews (male sibling names are Jacob, Joshua, Matthew, Michael, Noah, Daniel, David, Andrew, James, Joseph, Caleb),and most common in North America and Western Europe–both of which happen to have a lot of white people. Maybe she should change her name.
As for Asian culture, Jim Goad said in Takimag.com jeongIt has been my observation that part of the general Asian temperament is a tendency toward conformity and fanaticism. Remember, this is the continent that gave us Unit 731 (covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) of World War II), the Great Leap Forward (agrarian “reform” under Mao Tse-tung in China that was the greatest mass starvation in history) and the Khmer Rouge (2 million deaths in Cambodia by political executions, starvation and forced labor). It has also been my personal experience that when Asians hop on the social-justice train, they are by FAR the most fanatically anti-white group of all. We would be wise to heed the rise of the Social Justice Dragon Lady. Not only does she hate us, she is being rewarded for doing so.” She also has a white first name!!